John Newton's previously unpublished diary for 1755

transcripts beginning now...

January 1755

[see Index for backgound so far]

Memorandum: 20th January 1755

1755 Jan 20 Memo

I came to a determination, to begin keeping a regular Diary (as God shall enable me) of the state and daily frame of my soul, and the gracious dealings of God unto me.  The advice and experience of others who have left upon record, the benefit they have found by this practice, has long made me desirous to imitate them; but something from within or without has still hindered.  Lord accept me, and prevent my resting upon any forms, or finding any satisfaction in them, farther than as they lead to thee.  Amen.
1755 Jan 20 As merchants
As merchants begin their books with an inventory of stock, so would I in a brief manner set down my present state for my future government. [1] I trust that the Lord has caused more of his goodness to pass before me this year than I ever before experienced. I hope particularly he has taken me more off my own bottom, and given me to see more of the necessity and the sufficiency of the Lord Jesus Christ in his office of Saviour of his people – and has made me more willing to depend upon his righteousness only.  I trust he has enabled me, to see more clearly the truth and comfort of those peculiar doctrines of the glorious Gospel, which in these days are by many either denied, or explained away.  I have been led too of late into better opportunities than I formerly had, particularly in my acquaintance, which I have contracted with several experienced Christians, [2] whose belief and hopes are a confirmation of my own, convincing me that though there is a diversity of operations, it is the same Spirit that worketh in all. 
1755 Jan 20 same Spirit
On the other side I labour under weakness, I am wearied with a body of sin and death, often when I would do good evil is present with me; my affections are cold and wavering, my faith weak and interrupted.  Thus I find my life to be a continual warfare. [3]  But blessed be God for the hopes of final victory over sin and corruption, through Jesus Christ our Lord, by whom I hope I can in a low degree say, the world is crucified to me, and I unto the world. [4]
In temporals I have to praise God for health, sufficiency, peace, content; from his goodness all I have proceeds, and his grace has taught me to say: It is enough – I mean for the present, and I desire to trust him for the future, for he has said I will never leave thee nor forsake thee. [5]
1755 Jan 20 never leave
more of John  Newton's 1755 diary here: Index and here: January 1755

Previous homepage info:

Easter Day, 11 April 1773

1773 April 11 Easter
John Newton's Diary
John Newton's sermon notes Easter sermon
Who by [Christ] do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory;
that your faith and hope might be in God.
1 Peter 1:21  
Newton's Easter sermon on 1 Peter 1:21
The apostles when speaking of Christ take it for granted that his name, his love, his work, were familiar to believers.
How should our hearts burn at verse 18.
1 Peter 1 21 hearts burn
Redeemed intimates at once former misery, present happiness and security, and the amazing love manifest in our redemption.  Then he leads us far back – this love to sinners is no new thing, but was planned before time and though after the entrance of sin many ages passed, yet in the appointed hour was revealed – and what crowns the mercy – to you.
1 Peter 1 21 to you

garden tomb
garden tomb, Jerusalem
1 Peter 1 21 justification

He was raised for our justification

read the full sermon here    

Hallelujah; for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth!

Revelation 19:6
"If all the people who successively hear the Messiah Oratorio, who are struck and astonished, for the moment,
by this chorus in particular,
were to bring away with them an abiding sense of the importance of the sentiment it contains,
the nation would soon wear a new face."
John Newton, Sermon No. 26, Messiah, 1786 [link to printed sermons]
Handel's Messiah was first performed in Dublin
at the Music Hall in Fishamble Street in 1742
Messiah by Mr Handel & Mr Newton was first performed
at Gloucester Cathedral in 2010
see Messiah on the Street for this year's free performance see JNP Messiah resources for DIY similar
with thanks to the London Symphony Orchestra



unedited manuscript

sermon notes


& more

click here:

Sermons / Series / Messiah



some thoughts my thoughts
previously un-named and undated

Some Thoughts on the Advantages and Expediency

of Religious Associations,

Humbly offered To all Practical Christians

John Newton, Liverpool 1756

Links to Introduction and the Pamphlet

[added 14 November 2015]

John Newton's Eclectic Society notes for 1789 - 1795

previously unpublished!
1791 Rules

1789 Jul 6
Links to Introduction to Rules and to Eclectic Society notes for 1789-1795 [added 14 November 2015]

earliest known tunes for Amazing Grace...

Michael Baughen comments...

T14 700 156 a

T14 700 156 b

T14 700 156 c T14 700 156 d
T14a listen T14b listen T14c listen T14d listen

New Hymn News!   

Newton's hymns with diary extracts for the same week side-by-side


"The glory of 'amazing grace' shines the brighter..."

"This painstaking compilation allows us to see some of the Olney Hymns set alongside Newton’s private journal, sometimes for the very day he wrote them.

It offers us new insights into the inspiration of his hymn writing. Topical references – personal or national – are transmitted into timeless prayer and biblical principles. The glory of ‘amazing grace’ shines the brighter for this juxtaposition of journal and hymns."

Timothy Dudley Smith
Previous items:

New letters online from John Newton to Thomas Robinson:

"Mary Woolnoth sendeth to Mary Leicester greeting..."

Thomas Robinson
Thos Robinson sign

NB All 28 letters are now online !

1775 Mar 18 Mr Robinson
1775 Mar 18 whom
1775 Mar 18 apparently
1775 Mar 18 prospect

Mr Robinson

the Minister, whom the Lord has placed at Leicester,
apparently with great advantages,
and a prospect of much success
Easter 1775001 Easter Sunday    Easter 1775001 hymn200
Newton's hymn written for

Easter Day 1775

based on:
Isaiah 33:20,21;
Psalm 87:3; Psalm 132:14;
Matthew 16:16; Isaiah 26:1;
Psalm 46:4; Isaiah 4:5,6;
Revelation 1:6

Olney Hymns, Book 1, Hymn 60
200 v1

The City of God

Glorious things of thee are spoken,
Zion , city of our God!

He, whose word cannot be broken,
Formed thee for his own abode:
On the rock of ages founded,
What can shake thy sure repose?
With salvation's walls surrounded
Thou may'st smile at all thy foes.
See! the streams of living waters
Springing from eternal love;
Well supply thy sons and daughters,
And all fear of want remove:
Who can faint while such a river
Ever flows their thirst to assuage?
Grace, which like the Lord, the giver,
Never fails from age to age.

Round each habitation hovering,
See the cloud and fire appear!
For a glory and a covering,
Showing that the Lord is near:
Thus deriving from their banner
Light by night, and shade by day;
Safe they feed upon the manna
Which he gives them when they pray.
To view the whole hymn
in Newton's hand
see here (and next page)

Blest inhabitants of Zion,
Washed in the Redeemer's blood!
Jesus, whom their souls rely on,
Makes them kings and priests to God:
'Tis his love his people raises
Over self to reign as kings,
And as priests, his solemn praises
Each for a thank-offering brings.

Saviour, if of Zion's city
I through grace a member am;
Let the world deride or pity,
I will glory in thy name:
Fading is the worldling's pleasure,
All his boasted pomp and show;
Solid joys and lasting treasure,
None but Zion's children know.
Let me dwell on Golgotha
lamb Golgotha v1 To view the whole hymn
in Newton's hand
click here
Let me dwell on Golgotha,
Weep and love my life away!
While I see him on the tree
Weep and bleed, and die for me!
That dear blood, for sinners spilt,
Shows my sin in all its guilt:
Ah, my soul, he bore thy load,
Thou hast slain the Lamb of GOD.

Hark! his dying words; "Forgive,
Father, let the sinner live;
Sinner, wipe thy tears away,
I thy ransom freely pay."

Olney Hymns, Book 2, Hymn 56

Let me dwell on Golgotha
from The John Newton Project on Vimeo

While I hear this grace revealed,
And obtain a pardon sealed;
All my soft affections move,
Wakened by the force of love.

Farewell world, thy gold is dross,
Now I see the bleeding cross;
JESUS died to set me free
From the law, and sin, and thee!

He has dearly bought my soul
LORD, accept, and claim the whole!
To thy will I all resign,
Now, no more my own, but thine. 

JN signature
Misc Th

Miscellaneous Thoughts

& enquiries on an important subject

MOMM1 292 x 408
Ministry on my mind
Alec Motyer "These thoughts should be required reading for all Christians in the light of our common calling to holy living and holy testimony, but specially for those who are given the unspeakable privilege of 'full-time service’, whether they are in their early days, or, like me, wishing I had read these miscellaneous thoughts sixty years ago."

Alec Motyer, formerly Principal Trinity Theological College, Bristol
Jim Packer"It is hard to believe that any Christians, wondering if God was calling them to ordained service, ever meditated on relevant Scriptures so perceptively, and recorded their discernments so luminously, as did John Newton. His journaling of his journey towards vocational certainty is a very precious part of the legacy of this great man of God."
James I Packer, Board of Governors’ Professor of Theology, Regent College, Vancouver

former JNP Chairman,

John Langlois OBE,

interviews trustee

Tony Baker


Ministry on my mind

Jonathan Aitken

speaking on

Ministry on my mind


eclipsetonight 600 x 61jpg

Tonight I attended an Eclipse of the Moon

eclipsethought 600 x 100jpg

I thought my Lord of thine Eclipse - the horrible darkness which overwhelmed thy mind,
when Thou saidst - Why hast Thou forsaken me?


On the eclipse of the moon
July 30 1776
251 v1
see the full hymn in Newton's handwriting
John Newton to John Thornton, a Governor of the Bank of England

I observed the Eclipse of the Moon on Tuesday night, till it was wholly covered by the shade, and endeavoured to draw some meditations from it, which gave rise to a hymn that was the subject of my discourse last night at the Great House - our Saviour’s passion, the motions of the heavenly bodies being a pledge of His faithfulness to His promises (Jeremiah 33:20,21,25) and the dark seasons to which believers in the present life are liable, were the principal points. I take the liberty to send you a copy of the hymn on the other side, for no other reasons than that the subject is not common, and that you have been pleased often favourably to accept what I have sent of this sort.
4 August 1776
The moon in silver glory shone,
And not a cloud in sight;
When suddenly a shade begun
To intercept her light.

How fast across her orb it spread,
How fast her light withdrew!
A circle, ting'd with languid red,
Was all appear'd in view.

While many with unmeaning eye
Gaze on thy works in vain;
Assist me, LORD, that I may try
Instruction to obtain.

Fain would my thankful heart and lips
Unite in praise to thee;
And meditate on thy eclipse,
In sad Gethsemane.
Thy people's guilt, a heavy load!
(When standing in their room)
Depriv'd thee of the light of GOD,
And fill'd thy soul with gloom.

How punctually eclipses move,
Obedient to thy will!
Thus shall thy faithfulness and love,
Thy promises fulfill.

Dark, like the moon without the sun,
I mourn thine absence, LORD!
For light or comfort have I none,
But what thy beams afford.

But lo! the hour draws near apace,
When changes shall be o'er;
Then shall I see thee face to face,
And be eclips'd no more.
"Yes there is a better world, where our sun shall no more go down, neither the moon withdraw its shining – or rather, both moon and sun shall be needless, for the Lord Himself shall be the Everlasting Unclouded Light of His people. Oh how different is the land we are going to, from this wilderness through which we are now passing."

I remain
Dearest Sir
Your most obedt and obliged

JN signature
  Olney Hymns, Book 2, Hymn 85  
Jeremiah 33:20,21,25:
Thus saith the Lord: If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season; Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers. Thus saith the Lord; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth…
21 March 1776 1776 Mar 21 brink001

The anniversary of my great deliverance in 1748 calls for my grateful acknowledgement.

In the midst of the necessary calls of this day, I would keep thy mercy in mind. I remember when I stood trembling to appearance upon the brink of eternity, and thought it impossible I could live a quarter of an hour. Since that memorable day thou hast added twenty-eight years to my life – and I am still living, and feel little abatement of health and strength. How wonderful has been thy goodness to me in this long space. And alas how amazing has been the contrast on my side – unfaithful, ungrateful, vile creature that I am. But still I am thine. Thou bearest with me, and multipliest forgiveness and mercies to me. O Lord warm, animate and purify my heart. Draw nigh to my soul. Unite my divided heart. So far as a poor creature can (who without thy secret influence can do nothing). I open to thee, and invite thee to take a full possession. Abase the power of self, and reign alone in my soul. My time is shortening apace. O that the remainder may be spent for thee. Be my Shepherd, my Saviour, my All – and may all that I have and am be devoted to thee, and employed for thee.
my Shepherd my Saviour my All


30 July 1776
Tonight I attended an eclipse of the moon.  How great are thy works; with what punctuality do the heavenly bodies fulfil their courses, and observe their seasons to a moment. All things obey thee, but fallen angels, and fallen man. My thoughts would have taken a serious turn, but I was not alone. I thought, my Lord, of Thine eclipse – the horrible darkness which overwhelmed Thy mind when Thou saidst, Why hast Thou forsaken Me?  Ah sin was the cause – my sins. Yet I do not hate sin, nor loathe myself as I ought. The Great House rather thin tonight. I spoke farther on the case of Ignorance. Mr Samples with us after his great illness. Peggy is still ill.

Friday 1 January 1773

New Year's Day

The vicarage in Olney
where John Newton wrote Amazing Grace in his attic study,
for his sermon on 1 Chronicles 17:16,17
for New Year's Day, Friday 1 January 1773

Amazing Grace 240th anniversary (2013) from
The John Newton Project on Vimeo.


Amazing grace!  (how sweet the sound)
That saved a wretch like me!
I once was lost, but now am found,
Was blind, but now I see.          

'Twas grace that taught my heart to fear,
And grace those fears relieved;
How precious did that grace appear,
The hour I first believed!             

Through many dangers, toils and snares,
I have already come;
'Tis grace has brought me safe thus far,
And grace will lead me home.

The Lord has promised good to me,
His word my hope secures;
He will my shield and portion be,
As long as life endures.

Yes, when this flesh and heart shall fail
And mortal life shall cease;
I shall possess, within the veil,
A life of joy and peace.

The earth shall soon dissolve like snow,
The sun forbear to shine;
But God, who called me here below,
Will be forever mine.

John Newton, Olney Hymns, 1779, Book 1, Hymn 41

"As the workings of the heart of man, and of the Spirit of GOD, are in general the same, in all who are the subjects of grace, I hope most of these hymns, being the fruit and expression of my own experience, will coincide with the views of real Christians of all denominations."
"The views I have received of the doctrines of grace are essential to my peace, I could not live comfortably a day or an hour without them."

The words for John Newton's hymn Amazing Grace
come from 1 Chronicles 17:16,17

1 Chron 17 web I preached this forenoon from 1 Chronicles 17:16,17.
Hope I was enabled to speak with some liberty,
but found my own heart sadly unaffected.

some of Newton's matching Scripture and hymn verses:
v7 ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep...' Amazing grace…
that saved a wretch like me.
v8 'and I have been with you wherever you have gone and have cut off all your enemies from before you' Through many dangers, toils and snares,
I have already come
v9 'And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more...' Yes, when this flesh and heart shall fail
And mortal life shall cease;
I shall possess, within the veil,
A life of joy and peace.
v10 'And I will subdue all your enemies.' He will my shield and portion be
v16 'Who am I, O Lord God...?' That saved a wretch like me!
v16 '...that you have brought me thus far?' 'Tis grace has brought me safe thus far
v17 'You have also spoken ... for a great while to come' As long as life endures
v23 And now, O Lord, let the word that you have spoken concerning your servant ... be established forever, and do as you have spoken His word my hope secures
v26 have promised this good thing to your servant The Lord has promised good to me
 (the word occurs eight times!)

"... for ever"

Will be forever mine.

In his New Year’s Day sermon, Newton commends David’s desire “to express his gratitude” to the Lord for His “many blessings”.
But Newton notes of the Lord’s people, that “unless he likewise gives them a thankful heart, they lose much of the comfort they might have in them”.
David’s responses are helpful to us “as a proper subject for our meditations on the entrance of a new year”, for they "lead us to a consideration of past mercies and future hopes and intimate the frame of mind which becomes us when we contemplate what the Lord has done for us”.
consideration500          contemplate500
Harvard University Library; The Pratt Green Trust; Princeton University Library; Lambeth Palace Library; NASA; The Evangelical Library; Gloucester Likal films
Some Thoughts on Religious Associations': Copyright of the University of Manchester, used under Creative Commons License
KJV reproduced by permission of Cambridge University Press, the Crown’s patentee in the UK

Marylynn Rouse, 16/05/2016